Hygiene is the basic and the most important part of one’s health. The word “hygiene” comes from the French word hygiène meaning the “art of health”.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “Hygiene refers to conditions and practices that help to maintain health and prevent the spread of diseases.”
Hygiene is the most important part of health. Hygiene and Cleanliness are used reciprocally which can cause a dilemma in the minds of the readers. It is the practice of preventing the spread of disease-causing organisms while cleanliness is the process of removing the infectious microbes and unwanted dust particles and thus, it is the means to achieve hygiene. It is just not confined to cleanliness rather it is a broad term.
Hygiene includes personal Hygiene like bathing, washing your hands, brushing your teeth, and more. Hygiene also includes clean food and drinking clean water.
It also includes hygiene regarding keeping the surface areas and the floors clean and pathogen-free.
Some cleanliness practices might be viewed as great habits by a general public, while the disregard of cleanliness can be viewed as sickening.
TYPES OF HYGIENE
1. PERSONAL HYGIENE:
Personal Hygiene can be defined as an act of maintaining cleanliness and grooming of the external body.
If you want to minimize your risk of infection and also enhance your overall health, follow these basic personal hygiene habits:
- Bathe regularly: Taking a bath regularly and washing hair keeps us clean. The skin is constantly shedding and therefore it is very important to bath regularly.
- Trim your nails. Keeping your finger and toenails trimmed and in good shape will prevent problems such as hangnails and infected nail beds.
- Brush and floss. Ideally, you should brush your teeth after every meal. At the very least, brush your teeth twice a day and floss daily. Brushing minimizes the accumulation of bacteria in your mouth, which can cause tooth decay and gum disease.
- Wash your hands. Washing your hands before preparing or eating food, after going to the bathroom, after coughing or sneezing, and after handling garbage, goes a long way toward preventing the spread of bacteria and viruses.
odour– Body odouris the perceived unpleasant smell our bodies can give off when bacteria that live on the skin break down sweat into acids. It is important to keep our body odourpleasant to be hygienic.
Personal Hygiene for ladies-
The vagina can clean itself no extraordinary care is required, other than washing the outer private parts. Try not to put anything like douches into the vagina, as the fragile skin can be harmed. Here are some close to home cleanliness recommendations for ladies:
- Feminine cycle – wash your body, including your genital zone, similarly as you generally do. Change tampons and sterile napkins frequently, no less than four to five times each day. Continuously wash your hands when taking care of a tampon or cushion.
- Cystitis – is a disease of the bladder. This is a typical condition for sexually dynamic young ladies. Urinating after sexual intercourse can flush out any microscopic organisms that might be in the urethra and bladder.
- Thrush – A few cleansers can bother the skin of the vagina, and make thrush diseases more probable. A few people find that they regularly get thrush when they utilize anti-infection agents. Utilize mellow cleanser and unperfumed bathroom tissue. Maintain a strategic distance from tight, engineered clothing. Attempt cotton clothing, and change routinely. There is
arestorative treatment for thrush, so converse with your specialist or drug specialist.
For eg.,Oral hygiene means that a person ideally should brush after every meal but it is suggested to atleast brush twice a day.
Medical hygiene refers to practices and items used in the prevention of infections during medical treatment.
- Scrubbing up, hand-washing, especially in an operating room, but in more general health-care settings as well, where diseases can be transmitted.
Properway of bandaging and dressing of injuries.
- Safe disposal of medical waste.
WHY HYGIENE IS IMPORTANT?
You get up early in the day, brush your teeth, scrub down, wash your hair and body, and put on clean garments. For what reason do you do these things? Odds are you don’t consider what you are doing in light of the fact that it is a standard you were taught at a youthful age. Be that as it may, these propensities help you from numerous points of view. This is personal
- HEALTH- The main personal benefit of keeping hygiene is good health. Washing hands after coughing or sneezing or bathing daily helps to prevent illness and bacteria and other microscopic organisms. For eg.,
- BODY IMAGE- Body image tells us about the confidence and self-esteem of a human being. Those who have low self-esteem and are not confident often neglect personal hygiene.
Your actions and the way you behave are more important to most people than the way you look.
Good hygiene practices will help to keep you healthy, give you confidence and be pleasant for those around you.
2. SOCIAL BENEFITS:
In numerous societies, poor individual cleanliness is viewed as an indication of disease. Administering to your body, consistently can decrease stench and enhance your present appearance, hence enhancing others’ view of you. This is especially vital in circumstances in which appropriate decorum is required, for example, at work or school. Great individual cleanliness is additionally useful in enhancing your own particular mental self view.
Poor hygiene leads to Poor lifestyle. Keeping our body clean is essential for us as well as for the people surrounding us. Washing your hands can prevent the spread of germs from one person to another or from one part of your body to another. Flossing and brushing your teeth can reduce the likelihood of oral and other diseases.
Keeping up the hygiene practices helps to reduce the risks of ill
By being well presented, clean and tidy, people can feel more confident, especially in social situations. Our chances of succeeding either in work or social
“HYGIENE IS TWO-THIRDS OF HEALTH.”
The most vital reason for illness is sicknesses caused by Microscopic organisms. The majority of the microscopic organisms spread through the air, water, and nourishment. So we wash our hands neatly before taking the nourishment, we will ready to evade the spread of the disease. Therefore, we will be free of these sicknesses and subsequently, we will be solid. Similarly brushing our teeth in the morning and before going to bed and taking bath in the morning and in the evening are good hygienic habits. So having decent hygiene is 66% of good wellbeing i.e.two-thirds of health.
The most ideal approach to keep up the hygiene and cleanliness in our life is eating nutritious food and in right quantity. In the meantime, we ought to abstain from sitting and dozing in an unclean situation. Besides that, Water assumes a crucial part of our life. Along these lines, we should take in just spotless and cleanly sanitized water. Hot and filtered water is sufficient to keep up solid, healthy and hygienic life.